FileZilla Server: Basic Configuration
|Uniform Server 3.5-Apollo|
FileZilla Server plugin general set-up.
The FileZilla Server is extremely flexible on the previous page I covered a portable version that can be run independently of Uniform Server. This page looks at how to set the server up for general use; later I will target Uniform Server specifically.
Apart from setting up a user account the defaults allow the server to work straight out of the box. If you have any special requirements these default values can be tweaked later. I will be covering two scenarios, transferring files across a local network and over the Internet.
The admin interface provides access to three server sections, setting, users and groups. Two methods are available to do this, either via the top row of icons or using the drop down menu.
Create a user: <ol start="3"> <li>Select Users Edit > Users B1)</li> <li>Menu General D) selected by default</li> <li>Click Add E) a Add user account pop-up displayed</li> <li>Type a new user name F) click OK G)<br>(Add user account pop-up disapears)</li> <li>Enable account H) selected by default</li> <li>Check Password box J) enter a password K)</li> </ol>
Assign a user folder: <ol start="9"> <li> Click Shared folders L) </li> <li> Check required user M) is selected</li> <li> Click Add N) in the pop-up select a folder to share.</li> <li> The folder selected is displayed O)<br>to the left of this make sure “H” is displayed<br>if not clcik “Set as home dir” P)</li> <li> Select file privileges Q) you wish to allow</li> <li> Select directory privileges R) you wish to allow</li> <li> Click OK S)</li> </ol>
For each new user repeat steps 3-12
You can change user privileges and delete users as required.
Restart the server to guarantee changes take effect (generally not required)
Assuming you are running the server on your local machine you can quickly test the account.
Type the following into your browser:
<nowiki>ftp://localhost/</nowiki> a pop-up is displayed enter name (fred) and password.
A page is displayed showing files and folders contained in your shared folder.
Local network access
Anyone on your local network can access the ftp server by typing <nowiki>ftp://your_ip_address</nowiki> into their browser; they will be challenged for a user name and password.
To find your IP address use a command prompt:
- Open command prompt start > run > type in cmd > clik OK
- In the command window type ipconfig /all
- Look for your IP address. If you are using a wireless network the address will be similar to this 192.168.1.6
- While in the command window look for Host Name (my PC name is mpg2) the name of your PC<br>(note sometimes this is not set-up)
A user can use either HostName or IP address to access your FTP server for example:
Neither of the above is very easy on the eye an alternative is to get each user to add a memorable name to their hosts file. For example under localhost add a line as shown below:
127.0.0.1 localhost<br> 192.168.1.6 my_ftp_server
They must substitute 192.168.1.6 for your IP address and replace my_ftp_server with a memorable name, which they would like to use.
To access your FTP server from the Internet a user would type the following into a browser:
Testing an FTP server for online access can be problematic however there are two useful online services that can help:
- To find your external IP address use: Whatsmyip
- To test FTP access use: Gene6 FTP Server Test, its free for anyone to use.
If you have a direct Internet connection there should be no problems with access.<br>However if you are using a router you need to forward ports 20 and 21 every router is different hence pay a visit to PortForwrd for detailed instructions.
You may be unlucky and have a service provider that blocks the common FTP ports. In this event try changing the ports. Do not allow your firewall to block Internet access otherwise you will need to manually enable access.
Using a browser allows for quick testing however an FTP client offers more flexibility my personal favourite is FireFTP running on Firefox. It’s a personal taste hence choose one that suits your needs.
The above shows how easy FileZilla server is to set-up real problem is one of security. Passwords and data are sent unencrypted the next page covers a secure FTP server.