Authentication: Preparation

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Basic Authentication

Preparation

To explore directory authentication we require a few folders to work with. This page provides details for setting up a working structure including htaccess files I have purposefully kept the files as small as possible. We are not interested in great works of art hence the minimalist approach.

Structure

We are going to set-up a folder structure for the following users John, Dave Smith, Dawn and Ruth Smith as follows:

John

  • Create a new folder UniServer\udrive\www\john
  • Copy file UniServer\udrive\www\.htaccess to folder john
  • Edit .htaccess delete all lines above the authentication block.
  • Edit the four lines as shown:
AuthName "Uniform Server - Server Access"
AuthType Basic
AuthUserFile /htpasswd/www/.htpasswd
Require user John

Create a new text file index.html in folder john add the following text:

<html><head><title>John</title></head>
<body><h1>John</h1>
<p><a href="http://localhost/../">Home</a></p>
<p><a href="http://localhost/../john/">John</a></p>
<p><a href="http://localhost/../dave_smith/">Dave Smith</a></p>
<p><a href="http://localhost/../dawn/"">Dawn</a></p>
<p><a href="http://localhost/../ruth_smith/">Ruth Smith</a></p>
</body></html>

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Dave Smith

  • Create a new folder UniServer\udrive\www\dave_smith
  • Copy file UniServer\udrive\www\.htaccess to folder dave_smith
  • Edit .htaccess delete all lines above the authentication block.
  • Edit the four lines as shown:
AuthName "Uniform Server - Server Access"
AuthType Basic
AuthUserFile /htpasswd/www/.htpasswd
Require user "Dave Smith"

Create a new text file index.html in folder dave_smith add the following text:

<html><head><title>Dave Smith</title></head>
<body><h1>Dave Smith</h1>
<p><a href="http://localhost/../">Home</a></p>
<p><a href="http://localhost/../john/">John</a></p>
<p><a href="http://localhost/../dave_smith/">Dave Smith</a></p>
<p><a href="http://localhost/../dawn/">Dawn</a></p>
<p><a href="http://localhost/../ruth_smith/">Ruth Smith</a></p>
</body></html>

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Dawn

  • Create a new folder UniServer\udrive\www\dawn
  • Copy file UniServer\udrive\www\.htaccess to folder dawn
  • Edit .htaccess delete all lines above the authentication block.
  • Edit the four lines as shown:
AuthName "Uniform Server - Server Access"
AuthType Basic
AuthUserFile /htpasswd/www/.htpasswd
Require user Dawn

Create a new text file index.html in folder dawn add the following text:

<html><head><title>Dawn</title></head>
<body><h1>Dawn</h1>
<p><a href="http://localhost/../">Home</a></p>
<p><a href="http://localhost/../john/">John</a></p>
<p><a href="http://localhost/../dave_smith/">Dave Smith</a></p>
<p><a href="http://localhost/../dawn/">Dawn</a></p>
<p><a href="http://localhost/../ruth_smith/">Ruth Smith</a></p></body></html>


Ruth Smith

  • Create a new folder UniServer\udrive\www\ruth_smith
  • Copy file UniServer\udrive\www\.htaccess to folder ruth_smith
  • Edit .htaccess delete all lines above the authentication block.
  • Edit the four lines as shown:
AuthName "Uniform Server - Server Access"
AuthType Basic
AuthUserFile /htpasswd/www/.htpasswd
Require user "Ruth Smith"

Create a new text file index.html in folder dave_smith add the following text:

<html><head><title>Ruth Smith</title></head>
<body><h1>Ruth Smith</h1>
<p><a href="http://localhost/../">Home</a></p>
<p><a href="http://localhost/../john/">John</a></p>
<p><a href="http://localhost/../dave_smith/">Dave Smith</a></p>
<p><a href="http://localhost/../dawn/">Dawn</a></p>
<p><a href="http://localhost/../ruth_smith/">Ruth Smith</a></p>
</body></html>

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Root folder www

On the previous page we created a private server this restriction needs to be removed edit file UniServer\udrive\www\.htaccess comment the four authentication lines as shown.

#AuthName "Uniform Server - Server Access"
#AuthType Basic
#AuthUserFile /htpasswd/www/.htpasswd
#Require user John  "Dave Smith"

Create a new text file index.html in folder UniServer\udrive\www add the following text:

<html><head><title>Server</title></head>
<body>
<p><a href="http://localhost/john/"">John</a></p>
<p><a href="http://localhost/dave_smith/">Dave Smith</a></p>
<p><a href="http://localhost/dawn/">Dawn</a></p>
<p><a href="http://localhost/ruth_smith/">Ruth Smith</a></p>
</body></html>

Displays a page with links saves some typing during testing.

Note: Moved Servers

If you moved the servers see Multi-Servers remember to add the correct port numbers.

  • Suppose the server was moved to ports Apache 81 Apache SSL 444 the index.html file will look like this:
<html><head><title>Server</title></head>
<body>
<p><a href="http://localhost:81/john/"">John</a></p>
<p><a href="http://localhost:81/dave_smith/">Dave Smith</a></p>
<p><a href="http://localhost:81/dawn/">Dawn</a></p>
<p><a href="http://localhost:81/ruth_smith/">Ruth Smith</a></p>
</body></html>

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Summary

The above folder structure is adequate for exploring authentication directives mentioned on the introduction page.

On the next page we explore the above structure and directory access.

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